Report for the Region/ Albania suffers a decline in the democracy index, Montenegro advances

Report for the Region/ Albania suffers a decline in the democracy index,

Montenegro improved its democracy in 2023, Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina saw no change, while Albania and North Macedonia fell, according to the 2023 Democracy Index released last week by the Economist Intelligence Unit.

On a scale from 0 to 10, Montenegro scored 6.67, the best score in the Western Balkans. It is followed by Serbia with 6.33, Albania with 6.28, North Macedonia with 6.03 and Bosnia and Herzegovina with 5.0. Kosovo is not included in the Index, writes  European Western Balkans

To qualify for a "full democracy", a country must have a score between 8 and 10, while a score between 6 and 8 indicates a "flawed democracy". Montenegro, Serbia, Albania and North Macedonia are "flawed democracies", while Bosnia and Herzegovina is a "hybrid regime", according to the classification of the Economist Intelligence Unit.

Therefore, Montenegro is ranked 52nd in the world, advancing 9 places compared to 2022. Serbia is ranked 64th, which is also an improvement of 4 places, although its overall score did not change, which will to say that the movement was caused by changes in other countries.

Albania ranks 66th in the world, two places behind Serbia, while North Macedonia shares 72nd place with Papua New Guinea. Bosnia and Herzegovina is 94th in the world in terms of the democracy index.

Montenegro increased its score by 0.22, making it one of the "best performers" in 2023, alongside Benin, Tanzania, Angola and Malta, the Index shows.

Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina saw no change in their results compared to 2022.

Meanwhile, Albania lost 0.13 points compared to 2022, while North Macedonia recorded a slightly lower drop of 0.07.

The report does not provide individual explanations for country score changes.

The Democracy Index is based on five categories: electoral process and pluralism, government functioning, political participation, political culture and civil liberties.


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