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The oldest university in the world was founded by a Muslim woman
For centuries, many people have gone to the Moroccan city of Fez in search of knowledge from books stored in Al-Qarawiyyin's ancient library, but especially at the university next to the library, which is also the oldest in the world. The institution is only 30 years younger than the city of Fez itself. The oldest university in the world, Al-Qarawiyyin, according to Guinness World Records, opened in 859 AD.
First a library was built, then a mosque and a university, under the care of Fatima al-Fihri, the daughter of a very wealthy Tunisian merchant, after whose death Fatima decided to use all his inheritance for the purpose of education. and culture. Thus Fatima al-Fihri is officially recognized for founding the oldest university and library in the world. From historians, little is known about her life, the date of birth and death is also not known exactly, but it proves the fact that she was known beyond Morocco, for the charities and help she gave to many students, both boys and girls, to educated.
Al-Qarawiyin University is considered the oldest university in the world still functioning, preceding the first European universities. This is evidenced by UNESCO and the Guinness World Records, which say that the university was originally founded as a mosque, but that welcomed students to learn to read and write. In this sense, it predates the University of Bologna (founded in 1088 AD), for more than two centuries.
Graduates at this university have been numerous; as poets, astronomers, doctors, historians from all over the world, as well as a large number of personalities, among them Pope Sylvester II. Even today, the university maintains its traditional ways of teaching, reducing students to a semicircle, called a "circle", around the teacher./A2